Upon ordering your first test, FTDNA keeps your sample (cheek cells + saliva) for further upgrades. Ordering through a project always gives a small discount at FTDNA. You are welcome to use my research project:
23andMe provides via a single gene-chip / DNA-Microarray analysis:
● medical information,
● ethnicity information,
● Y-DNA haplogroup,
● mt-DNA haplogroup, &
● Relative Finder (autosomal ancestry) data.
3.) from the Genographic Project:
Have you tested yourself via the Genographic Project, or do you have a family member or friend who has done so? As of April 2011, more than 400,000 people have tested themselves via the Genographic Project, but only less than 100,000 of them have shared their results with others and potentially also done further testing! Please log into your Genographic Project page and transfer your data to FTDNA. FTDNA has done the analysis for the Genographic Project and thus already/still has your sample. Your newly assigned kit number will start with the letter N.
Y-DNA Haplogroup E-M35, E1b1b1
Does your, or that of a relative/friend, Y-chromosome (= patrilinear descent) belong to the E-M35 (E1b1b1)haplogroup? If so, please join the Worldwide Y-DNA = E-M35 (E1b1b1, formerly E3b) Project by either entering your FTDNA kit number at this link:
Below E-M35 there are 3 major subhaplogroups: E-M35-M78, E-M35-M81, and E-M35-M123. Below E-M35-M78 there are 5 major subhaplogroups: E-V12, E-V13, E-V22, E-V32, and E-V65.
I am interested in all of E-M35, but my major interest pertains to the E-V22 (E-M35-M78-V22, E1b1b1a1c, formerly E1b1b1a3 and E3b1a3) subhaplogroup. If you, or a relative/friend, are E-V22+, please do contact me ().
Those interested in central European / German ancestry/genealogy/Ahnenforschung may find the "Ravenstein Atlas" to be of value.